Le Maquis de Montmartre, once a notorious slum-district, was located on a hill in the north of Paris. It was situated outside the city walls, between rue Lepic and Caulaincourt, since 1859 the 18. district of Paris. Because of high taxes and costs of living, many citizens moved during the 19th century out of town and built their houses, cabarets, bars and bistros on the hill. The less restricted and cheaper life attracted a lot of artists: Van Gogh, Toulouse-Lautrec, Renoir, later on Modigliani, Picasso and many more. Dancers, designers, writers and musicians – many artists lived there, found their inspirations and fame in le Maquis de Montmartre.